Заседание семинара-совещания «Состояние и перспективы развития квантовых технологий на предприятиях оборонно-промышленного комплекса (ОПК)»

11 ноября в рамках семинара-совещания на тему: «Состояние и перспективы развития квантовых технологий на предприятиях оборонно-промышленного комплекса (ОПК)» работники Казанского квантового центра представят серию докладов о текущем положении исследований в области квантовых технологий.

В том числе:

В рамках секции «Квантовые вычислительные системы»
Сергей Андреевич Моисеев. Казанский квантовый центр, КНИТУ-КАИ
«Квантовая память для квантовых компьютеров и коммуникаций»
В рамках секции «Квантовая криптография и системы передачи информации»
Артур Викторович Глейм. ИТМО, ООО «Квантовые коммуникации», КНИТУ-КАИ.
«Многоузловая квантовая сеть на основе технологии квантовой коммуникации на боковых частотах: опыт практической реализации»
Программа семинара доступна по ссылке: Programm

Thesis presentation by Tsukanov Alexander Viktorovich

Tsukanov Alexander Viktorovich representing Physics Technical Institute of Russian Academy of sciences will present a talk titled

Semi-conductor quantum dots with optic and electric control in quantum computers

The presentation will take place  10.11.2017 at Kazan quantum center conference room at 11:00, Chetaeva 18a, the 8th building of KNRTU-KAI. Listeners are welcome.

Quantum Memory in an Orthogonal Geometry of Silenced Echo Retrieval

In this paper we experimentally realize a quantum-memory protocol based on retrieval of silenced echo (ROSE) in Tm3+:Y3Al5O12 crystal in an orthogonal geometry of the signal and control light fields. The silenced echo signal revival efficiency of ∼13% with 36 μs storage time is demonstrated. To achieve that we implemented a high-precision atomic coherence control via amplitude- and phase-modulated laser pulses. We also discuss capabilities of this configuration, ways to increase quantum efficiency and to combine it with a single-mode optical cavity.

ROSE in Tm:YAG, 4.4% efficiency,  lower graph doublepass  configuration and 13% efficiency

Reading and writing of 4 and 10 pulses with the efficiencies of 5.6% and 4.4% respectively.

PhD thesis presentation by Mohsen Akbari

The PhD thesis by  Mohsen Akbari from Kazan E. K. Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute, Kazan Federal University titled

Three-photon spontaneous dispestion and quantum logic gates in ring micro-resonators

Will be presented 22.06.2017 at 2:00 pm at the conference hall.

Three-photon spontaneous dispestion and quantum logic gates in ring micro-resonators

(c)  Mohsen Akbari

First in Russia multi-node quantum network presented to Rustam Minnikhanov

First in Russia multi-node quantum network presented to Rustam Minnikhanov

President of Tatarstan republic has visited Kazan quantum center to see the demonstration of multi-node quantum network, first ever built in Russia.

Colleagues from the Laboratory of quantum cryptography have successfully demonstrated the functionality of the network to Rustam Minnikhanov. President has also visited other laboratories and found out about recent achievements of Kazan quantum center, such as successful realization of 13% efficiency revival of silenced echo quantum memory.

See the follow up interview of Proff. Sergey Moiseev (ru)

Publication: Microwave Spin Frequency Comb Memory Protocol Controlled by Gradient Magnetic Pulses

New publication in Applied Magnetic Resonance by K. I. Gerasimov, S. A. Moiseev and R. B. Zaripov

Microwave Spin Frequency Comb Memory Protocol Controlled by Gradient Magnetic Pulses

Abstract

We have demonstrated a combination of frequency comb spin-echo protocol in a conventional microwave pulsed electron spin resonance spectrometer with gradient pulses of the external magnetic field applied for on-demand retrieval of signal microwave pulses at the required moments of time. A natural high-finesse periodic structure was used as a carrier of stored information. The structure is made out of hyperfine lines of electron spin resonance of tetracyanoethylene anion radicals in toluene at room temperature. Herein, we have also observed that using the pulses of gradient magnetic field can increase the memory capacity. The experimental results demonstrated promising opportunities for controlling electron nuclear spin coherence, which could be useful for implementation of broadband microwave or optical-microwave noise free quantum memory protocols.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00723-017-0892-y

The first in Russia multi-nod quantum network launched in Kazan

The main advantage of quantum communications is their absolute protection from channel eavesdropping. Single photons that serve as information carriers in optical quantum communications are changed irreversibly after any attempt of signal interception allowing user to know about any unauthorized listeners. Quantum communication technologies serve as a basis for the future network security and will be integrated into Internet of Things concept that will radically change the everyday technological life. That is why quantum technology is being developed by many leading scientists all over the world. The most significant quantum networks are already built in USA (DARPA), Europe (SEQOQC), Japan (Toshiba) and China.

(с) Photo: ITMO University

Pilot segment of Kazan quantum network connecting two of the four existing nodes was tested in August 2016; now the communication between all four nodes is fully functional. It utilizes the new communication protocol that has been optimized for the city network. The network is realized in the active optical fiber lines of the “Tattelecom” provider. Two of the nodes were located in the commutation stations of “Tattelecom” on the different banks of Kazanka river and the other two in the KNIRTU-KAI buildings. The nodes were 10 km from one another while the optical cable length between the nodes reached 30-40 km during the testing stage.

During the network launch the control sequences and the demo files as well as the audio data in the quantum telephone regime has been transmitted. The basis for that is side-bands quantum communication technology that during testing showed qubit transmission speed over 100 kbit/s across some network regions.

This project creates the basis for the national quantum communications infrastructure development. The technology is to lay ground for  the new generation of the distributed secure networks: previously the network providers only provided the data delivery but now they will be able to also provide secure data transmission services, forming the multi-user trusted network. That will be achieved with the help of the scaling of our solution and development of the new standards in the field of quantum communications, – explains the chief of laboratory of quantum informatics of international institute of photonics and optoinformatics ITMO University and the Laboratory of quantum cryptography of Kazan quantum center Arthur Gleym. – Further development of Kazan network lies in two directions: firstly the improvement of the channel characteristics (e.g. speed, range) and secondly integration with other services starting with data processing centers and systems responsible for uninterrupted operation of the city economy and up to mobile communications for example messengers.

Arthur Viktorovich Gleym(с) Photo: ITMO University

Our collaboration with the ITMO is based on shared scientific interests and is very fortunate – comments the head of Kazan quantum center KNIRTU-KAI Sergey Moiseev. – The original scheme of quantum key distribution was created in Saint-Petersburg and we are helping to develop it. The laboratory KNIRTU-KAI has been working on quantum memory for more than 15 years, but our developments needed to have a practical implementation and our colleagues from ITMO needed quantum memory for the long-distance quantum communications. For more than two years now we successfully cooperate. In future we plan to create a quantum repeater (the signal amplifier that stores the quantum state and then transmits it through the channel, it allows one to increase the possible communication distance) and certify the network. Every day we conduct technical trials, develop the network, improve routing and stabilize the equipment.

Moiseev Sergey Andreevich

Previously in Russia only two-node quantum networks were launched in urban conditions. The first one was developed in ITMO University in 2014: the scientists connected the two buildings via optical fiber cable. In the June of 2016 Russian quantum center announced the launch of the next city communication line between the two Gazprom bank buildings and in the September of 2016 MSU announced the launch of quantum communication line connecting two towns in Moscow region. The Kazan project is first to connect the network of several clients – developers say that multi-node network requires principally new approaches and solutions than a point to point systems.

Kazan quantum network is created within the framework of National technological initiative in the direction of SafeNet, that is oriented to the development of new personal safety systems and quantum communications in Russia with the support of Quantum technologies consortium.

Optical microfiber using HF etching

Thanks to the efforts of Anatoly Mikhalovich Shegeda the narrowing down of optical fiber down to 1.7 um has been achieved. The narrowing down is achieved due to the hydrofluoric acid etching. We are glad to share the photos with you.

Unaltered fiber approximately 120 um in diameter

Narrow part of the fiber, 1.7um width

Laboratory of photonics and nonlinear fiber optics wins a megagrant of Ministry of education and science of RF

Laboratory of photonics and nonlinear fiber optics in collaboration with Alexey Mikhailovich Zheltikov has won a megagrant of Ministry of education and science of Russian Federation with their project “Lightgiude systems for quantum technologies”. There are only two Kazan laboratories among the winners, the second one being a chemistry lab of Kazan federal university.

Any russian  college or academy in collaboration with the scientist leading in his field of science could compete for the grant. The fields of science were: natural sciences, technics and technology, medical sciences and sciences of of health, agricultural sciences, social sciences, humanities.

The winners were chosen on the exit session of Soviet for grants which took place during the Second International scientific conference “Science of the future” and Second All-Russian forum “The science of the future – The science of the young” (Kazan). Altogether 542 applications from leading sciences from 45  countries in collaboration with almost 300 scientific and educational institutes of Russia.

Grants of Russian government are given out in the amount not greater than 90 million rubles each for scientific research for 3 years with the ability of extension for another two years.

Summer school-seminar “Science and innovation”

From 5th to 9th of July “Volga StateUniversity of Technology (Mari State Technical University)” held an XI International scientific school-seminar “Fundamental research and innovation: nanooptics, photonics and coherent spectroscopy”. The conference was held on a picturesque coast of the lake “Yalchik” and gathered around 90 participants from all over the Russia including 40 young researchers and PhD students.

At the conference Kazan quantum center was presented by a series of talks on resent research of the center:

  • S. O. Tarasov, S. A. Moiseev // Optical quantum memory on spin states of quantum dots
  • R. V. Urmancheev, K. I. Gerasimov, M. M. Minnegaliev and S. A. Moiseev // Photon echo area theorem for optically dense media
  • М.М. Minnegaliev, E. I. Baybekov , K. I. Gerasimov, B. Z. Malkin, S. A. Moiseev, R. V. Urmancheev // Kinetics of  166Er3+ и 167Er3+ ion transitions in 7LiYF4 crystals and perspectives of using it for quantum memory
  • N.M.Arslanov, A.A.Kamli, S.A. Moiseev // Highly confined low loss light waves in nanoscale optical waveguides
  • N. M. Arslanov, O. I. Bannik, L. R. Gilyazov, V. I. Egorov, V. V. Chistyakov, A. V. Gleym, S. A. Moiseev //  Development of quantum network for quantum key distribution using sidebands in Kazan

All the talks given at the conference will be published in the digest. Further details can be found on the site of the conference (in russian).